Orium

Veza Villosa

Orium Logo

Orium (Veza Villosa) belongs to the family of legumes, autumn winter – spring cycle. Orium stands out for its fine stem and its high biomass production capacity. It also stands out for its low water need, adaptation to climates with low temperatures and high altitude areas. In its morphology it presents brambles which makes it a plant that can grow climbing when it is planted accompanied by another species that serves as a tutor.

Orium is produced under strict protocols with which we obtain a high quality of seed in reference to varietal purity and germination.

Due to its characteristic Orium can be used as fodder or as green manure

Productive and versatile

Characteristics

  • It is oncea (annual legume) that stands out for its ability to adapt to all types of soils and its large production.
  • It is very rustic and has great behavior with different problems of more common diseases of the veza.
  • It has a deep root system, branched and provided with nodules in which live in symbiosis bacteria fixing atmospheric nitrogen, climbing stems, paripinnate leaves terminated in a branched zarzillo, red-violet flowers, fruits in legume.
  • PRODUCTION 8 TN/MS/HA

Use of green manure

  • Increases soil fertility
  • Increased biodiversity
  • Soil erosion control
  • Improves the physical, chemical and microbiological conditions of the soil
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Benefits of crop rotation

Forage use

  • Major productions
  • Various uses: hay, silage and grazing.
  • Excellent protein percentages
  • Fine stems
  • Adaptation to use with other species

Sheet

Scientific name of the species

Veza Villosa

Common name of the species

Orium

Vegetative cycle

Annual

Growth

Erect

Height

Up to 1 mtr

Growing season

Autumn - winter

Diffusion

Seeds

Soils

Deep, well drained. Sandy, silty and loamy loam

Drought tolerance

Very high

Frost tolerance

Very high

Salinity tolerance

Stocking

Flood tolerance

Casualty

Total dry matter production/ ha

7,000 - 8,000 kg of dry matter / ha

Palatability

Excellent

Toxicity

No

Planting period

From the beginning of autumn

Planting density

50 - 80 kg/ha

Depth of planting

1-2cm

Remarks

Use as cover crops and forage production

Implementation of Orium

Preparation of the land

The preparation of the soil must be carried out in order to promote a good establishment of the crops, being used appropriate equipment in the correct period, considering that the preparation of the soil is one of the most important aspects for the birth. It must be get a loose soil which will allow us to have the right planting depth.

Sowing and establishment

Data to take into account is the planting surface, the correct surface is 1 cm. deep in the ground.

  • The use of compactor curl in sandy soils improves the quality of planting based on the uniform acceleration of seed germination (not recommended for clay soils).
  • It can be sown in direct sowing obtaining excellent results.

The optimum temperature of development is between 15 and 20ºC, causing damage to the aerial part with temperatures below -5ºC.

Water needs

Crop adapted to areas with rainfall between 325 and 600 mm. It does not have a high resistance to waterlogging.

Uses

Forage

It has been commonly used for cattle feed both in green, silage and henified. This last form of use is the traditional one due to the specific climatic conditions that occur in many producing areas. It is the most used system, with 95% of the production going green. Another destination of green production can be dehydration, which is taking more and more weight.

Green manure

It consists of the burial of plants in green. This increases the organic matter and thanks to its power of nitrogen fixation we increase its parameter in the soil, as well as its fertility in general.

Subscriber

The veza being a legume has the characteristic of supplying nitrogen through the phenomenon of symbiosis that stable with bacteria of the genus Rhizobium at the root. This will provide much of the nitrogen you need and therefore your needs will be much lower than those of other crops.

However, in the early stages of the crop, the legume-bacteria complex will not be active so it is advisable to apply 15 to 20 kg N / ha in sowing to favor the establishment in the phase prior to nodulation. As for phosphorus and potassium, fertilizers of the order of 30 to 40 kg of P2O5 and
from 35 to 50 kg of K2O.

Diseases

Orium in most conditions under rainfed production systems does not usually have major disease problems. On certain occasions (humidity and temperature), damage can occur due to ascochite (Ascochyta fabae), chocolate stain (Botrytis fabae), anthracnose (Colletotricum spp.), rust (Uromyces viciae-fabae) or mildew (Peronospora) viciae)

Videos

ESSEEDS - Mapa esseeds - Orium 1

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